Candidiasis is a fungal infection that is caused by the overgrowth of a type of yeast called Candida, usually Candida albicans. This yeast is normally found in small amounts in the human body can affect areas such as the genitals, skin, mouth, throat and blood. Certain medicines and health problems can cause more yeast to grow in the body, particularly in warm, moist areas.
There are several types of candidiasis, which include oral candidiasis (mouth and throat), oropharyngeal candidiasis/thrush (genital area), vulvovaginal yeast infection (female yeast infection), invasive candidiasis or candidemia (bloodstream) and If yeast infects a baby's bottom area, it is known as a diaper rash.
Male yeast infections can particularly occur in those who have not been uncircumcised. The only symptom may be an inflammation at the head of the penis, but often there are no symptoms. A man with a yeast infection may infect his partner, and needs treatment. According to a recent study many women cannot correctly identify the symptoms of a yeast infection. Nearly 90% of women who had never had a yeast infection and 65% of those who had were not able accurately to 'diagnose' a yeast infection after reading medical descriptions of this and other gynaecological problems.